Myopia Management for children- Contact Lenses
What is Myopia?
Short-sightedness, or myopia, typically starts in childhood and usually requires glasses or contact lenses to see the detail on a whiteboard or the TV, for example.1
How does it progress?
A child with short-sightedness may need a stronger prescription as they continue to grow.2 Prescription changes happen at a different rate for each child, so regular eye examinations are important to ensure they can see clearly.
Stronger prescriptions mean thicker glasses and children will become more and more reliant on them to see. While this is inconvenient, it may also lead to an increased risk of future eye health problems such as retinal detachments and myopic macular degeneration.3
To see what it’s like to be short-sighted click the link below to launch the virtual simulator:
What causes Short-sightedness?
Short-sightedness is most commonly caused by the eye growing too long. Certain factors make a child more likely to become short-sighted, such as:4
Children who have short-sighted parents are more likely to inherit the condition. In fact, if both parents are short-sighted, there’s a 50% chance their children will be short-sighted too.6
Not enough time outdoors
Spending more time outdoors may help delay the onset of short- sightedness.5 Sunlight stimulates the production of vitamin D and dopamine, which are linked to healthy eye development.7,8 Experts recommend a minimum of 10 hours outdoors each week – about 90 minutes a day.9
Too much time focusing on nearby objects
Modern lifestyles mean we spend more time focusing our eyes on nearby objects such as phones and tablets. It’s important to be mindful that activities such as computer use, reading and watching TV increase the chance of developing short-sightedness.5,10
How can we help?
Although there is currently no cure for myopia, we are able to fit your child with contact lenses that may slow down the progression of Myopia.
Dual focus contact lenses such as MISight
Dual focus contact lenses, such as MiSight® 1 day are worn during the day to correct vision and slow down the progression of short-sightedness in children. MiSight® 1 day is just like a soft daily disposable contact lens but with a special optical design, proven to slow down the speed at which short-sightedness progresses.12
At Bowen Opticians we now offer the Brilliant Futures™ Myopia Management Programme from CooperVision, which includes the proven MiSight® 1 day contact lenses, providing you with information, support and regular assessment with our experienced eyecare practitioners.
MiSight Consultation and fitting
In the first appointment the optometrist will assess the suitability of your child's eyes with a view to wearing lenses. She will discuss how the lenses work, and the best way to integrate them into your child's routine. You will have an opportunity to ask any questions you may have. We will then order a set of trial lenses to the optometrist’s specification.
In the second appointment we will assess your child's vision in the new lenses, ensuring that they fit well and feel comfortable. We will then show you and your child how to safely insert and remove the lenses. We favour a relaxed environment with no pressure and plenty of advice and guidance. We generally find that children are very good at handling lenses and grasp the technique quite quickly. Once we are happy that they can handle the lenses safely and confidently, you will be able to take them away to try in your own surroundings.
In the third, and often, final appointment, we will discuss how you and your child have found the lenses. The optometrist will need to see the lenses in your child's eyes so it’s important to make sure they have a pair of lenses to wear. Once the contact lens type has been confirmed we will issue a contact lens specification, usually valid for a year.
1. Zadnick K, et al. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2015 Jun; 133(6): 683–689. 2. Walline JJ, et al. Cochrane Database of System Rev. 2020;1:CD004916 3. Tideman J, et al. JAMA Opthalmol. 2016;134:1355-1363 4. McCullough SJ, et al. PLoS ONE. 2016;11: e0146332 5. Wolffsohn JS, et al. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2016;39:106–116 6. Morgan P. Is Myopia Control the Next Contact Lens Revolution? The Optician 2016. Available at: www.opticianonline.net/cet-archive/127. Accessed August 2020 7. Yazar et al. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Jun 26;55(7):4552-9. 8. Feldkaemper M & Schaeffel F. Exp Eye Res. 2013 Sep;114:106-19. 9. WHO. The impact of increasing prevalence of myopia and high myopia. A Report of the Joint World Health Organisation (2015). Available at: www.who.int/blindness/causes/MyopiaReportforWeb.pdf. Accessed August 2020. 10. Gifford P & Gifford, K. Optom Vis Sci. 2016;93:336–343. 11. The College of Optometrists. Myopia management. 12. Chamberlain P, et al. Optom Vis Sci. 2019;96:556–567.
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